Pregnancy Care
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First Quarter of Pregnancy:

Pregnancy is divided into three Quarter (three months). The first and the last quarters are times of extra precaution for the mother-to-be, since the baby is at the most vulnerable at these times.


Month 1

This month starts with the implanting of the embryo in the lining of the uterus. It is still not called a 'fetus', since it is nothing more than a mass of cells. These cells start differentiating to form specialized structures which will become the amniotic sac, the placenta and the baby itself. By the end of the first month, the embryo is about one tenth of an inch long (the size of a grain of rice). A primitive brain and spinal cord begin to form and the heart starts beating. There is no perceptible change in the body proportions of the expectant mother. In fact, the first month usually slips by undetected. By the end of the month, the mother may start feeling nauseous in the morning, a condition termed as "morning sickness".



  • Go for pregnancy test

  • Avoid medication bought over the counter

  • Stop smoking and encourage your partner to do the same

  • Cut down on alcohol

  • Start/continue taking Folic Acid


Month 2 

This month embryo begins to grow in length. By the end of the second month, it is almost an inch long. The brain and the spinal cord are almost completely formed. The heart gets divided into two chambers and circulation begins. Veins are clearly visible. Buds form at the place where arms and legs are going to develop later. These buds have a webbed appearance. Blackened dots form near the eye sockets by the beginning of the month. All the major organs have started to develop by the end of the second month. The umbilical cord and the placenta also start forming. In the mother-to-be, the breasts enlarge and the nipples become more prominent. There may be some tenderness and pain in the area due to an increase in the body hormones. There may be increased vaginal secretion and the mucous plug begins to form. The expectant mother may feel an increased urge to urinate because of increased pressure from the uterus due to the growing fetus.



  • Discuss any special tests you would like to have with your Doctor

  • Make an appointment to talk with your dentist

  • If you are traveling, check if vaccinations are needed as some cannot be given during pregnancy

  • Are there any safety issues at work


Month 3

Embryo in the third month is technically called the fetus. The fetus is now longer and the external features begin to be distinguished. The fetus has started to resemble a human baby. The internal organs are largely formed but not fully developed. The fetus may start responding to sounds and may startle, but the movement is not perceptible due to its small size. By the end of the third month, the fetus is approximately 3 inches long and weighs a little more than a grape. The baby's heart beat can be heard by an instrument called a Doppler. Morning sickness in the mother may stop. She may feel hungry more often and may have mood swings. The uterus is now big enough and the mother may feel heaviness in the abdomen.



  • Book antenatal classes remembering to fit them in with partner's schedule.

  • Start pregnancy exercises

  • If necessary tests such as chorionic villus sampling can be done now

Warning: All the tips given here is for information purpose only. For more detail, please consult your doctor. try to give useful and best tips only, however is not responsible for sideeffects due to any given tips. 
Created by: JAM Infotech