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Baby Care Tips:

New baby care is tough job. There's always that little voice in the back of your mind, that tiny tingle that makes you question ever move you make. You become confused on what to feed the baby, how to change him and even how much sleeping is normal. and this all makes sometimes the joys of parenthood in worry. There are a variety of guides geared toward newborn baby care. There is also a booming market for infant care products and even natural baby care. So to ease your worry, we list the some of important aspects of baby care.

Holding your Baby

Holding your baby is one of the first lessons you'll give him or her in people skills. They'll need that later in life, you know. Skin to skin contact shows the baby how much love Mommy and Daddy have, even if they make a couple of mistakes every once and awhile. There's an art to baby holding. You want to be sure to support baby's neck and head using your arm and hand. Babies aren't able to support their heads at this stage of their development but they will attain that strength quickly.

Steps to Bath your Baby

Run about 5 cm or 2 inches of water into the bath. Always put in the cold water before the hot, and test it with your elbow. A pleasantly warm temperature should be around 37°C. You may want to use a bath water thermometer just to be sure. Squeeze a few drops of liquid soap into the bath water and mix it well. Undress your baby, clean his nappy area and wrap him in a towel. Use moist cotton wool to gently clean his face and ears. Cradle his head in one hand, with his back along your forearm, and tuck his legs under your elbow. Then, lean over the bath and wash his hair, rinsing well and patting dry. A sponge bath for newborns may be easier in the first few weeks. Newborns can be washed in a suitable sink or baby bath until they are older and can use an adult bath.

Diet for your Baby

One of the most confusing question would be regarding feeding. How can you tell whether your baby is hungry and needs feeding or is crying for some other reason? When do you stop feeding? How many times in a day do you need to feed? Is breastfeeding better than formula milk?. Each baby is unique and has different needs when it comes to their feed and the quantity they require to satisfy their hunger pangs. A mother, after some experience will learn to sense her baby's needs and act on them. Some of the important diet information is as follows

Breastfeeding is considered the best for a new born baby as the mothers' milk has antibodies which protect the baby and gives them increased resistance and immunity against colds and allergies. Breast milk has all the essential nutrients required for a baby and should be given for at least six months. While breastfeeding, a mother should be careful about her diet as it affects the baby directly. If for some reason, a mother is unable to breast feed, then formula milk can be given. Babies as well as mothers should be comfortable during breastfeeding. Baby’s breastfeeding reflexes work best when baby is well supported with her body comfortably aligned. Position your baby across your front, hold her with her chest and tummy facing you (“baby’s chest to your chest”, “baby’s chin to your breast”) and her nose opposite the nipple. Bring your baby to the breast, not the breast to your baby.

Feed your baby on demand and not on a schedule that has been laid out by anyone. Baby requires up to eight feeds in a day. Don't worry if your baby is taking less or more than this amount. If your baby is gaining weight proportionately, it means that the food requirements are being met. You need to sense when your baby is full by recognizing when they pull away. Likewise when they are hungry, they will definitely show some signs of discomfort which given time, you will learn to associate with hunger. If you are bottle-feeding your baby, ensure that the bottles are always sterilized so as to avoid any kind of infection. The milk should also be warm and not hot. It is essential to burp the baby after every feed and it is normal for them to bring out some of the milk after feeding is over.

The process of starting babies on solid food is called as weaning. After four to six months, babies can be given carbohydrates like mashed bananas to start with. When the baby completes ten months, they can be given other fruits, vegetables and meats as well. It is good to introduce food items one at a time so as to notice any reactions or allergies to the same. If any reaction occurs, it is advisable to contact your doctor immediately as it should not be ignored. Feeding is the time when mothers can bond best with their babies. It is a highly satisfying experience and should be cherished.  

Taking Care of your Baby skin

At birth babies are covered with a creamy substance (vernix). This protected the skin from the amniotic fluid in the uterus and will come off without help in the first few days. Babies who were overdue can have dry cracked skin after birth but this soon becomes normal soft skin. Dry skin is very common in the first few weeks. Soap or baby bathing liquid can sometimes dry baby’s skin even more. Bathing without soap is in warm water alone is enough. It may help to lightly rub a small amount of a baby moisturizing cream or baby oil on her skin, or use a few drops of baby oil in the bath. Oil will make her skin slippery and require extra care when holding in the bath.

Baby Acne: Most babies get spots that look like acne on their face, head and upper body between 3 to 6 weeks of age. They can last for a few weeks. They are caused by baby’s hormone levels settling down from the high levels received from mum before birth.No treatment or creams are needed. They are best left alone as they do not scar or become infected. If squeezed they can become infected. If they become crusty or weepy see your midwife or doctor.
Septic spots: These are white or yellow pus filled spots that look like small blisters. The skin around them is often red and maybe weepy. They can be difficult to tell apart from hormonal spots. They can occur around the nappy area or in neck, arm or leg creases. Antibiotics may be needed to clear the infection and stop it spreading. Discuss any concerns with your Doctor.
Chapped skin: A dry rash on the face can be caused by dribbling saliva (for an older baby). This generally clears on its own but may be helped with a little baby moisturizing cream.

Birthmarks: Many babies are born with a birthmark. Some different birthmarks are dark red or pink patches on the eyelids, top of the nose and back of the neck. These are very common and usually fade over the first few months. ‘Strawberry’ nevus - more correctly called vascular malformations. These birthmarks grow from red dots to form reddish or bluish lumps which rarely grow large and need treatment. Most grow without harm before fading in the second year, occasionally not fading completely. Flat purple birthmarks are present at birth and are permanent. They can be treated with laser treatment by a skin specialist.

Taking care of Baby Crying

Crying is a baby’s main means of communication. During the first 3 months an average healthy baby may cry for about a total of 2 hours a day. Young babies need a lot of love and physical contact from caring adults. They won’t be spoilt by all this attention. Babies may fuss and cry for a lot of reasons, sometimes you may know the reason, but often you can only guess. At times your baby may cry no matter what you do. Baby may be hungry, tired, have wind, colic, be bored, uncomfortable or in pain, feeling too hot or cold, have wet or dirty nappies, or be ill. Many babies often have an evening crying session and are awake for most of the evening. They may want to feed more often, particularly if they are breastfed. Breast milk is often lower in fat in the evening so it is digested faster and baby becomes hungry earlier.

Crying babies can be comforted in many different ways, Try following steps:

  • Feeding /changing baby

  • Gently rocking and cuddling her in your arms

  • Crying baby on her tummy across your knee and rubbing her back or patting her bottom gently.

  • Walking your baby around in a front pack

  • Repeatedly pushing baby in a pram back and forth over a small bump, e.g. over the edge of a mat. If baby falls asleep in the pram do not leave her alone as baby may wriggle into a place where she cannot breathe easily.

  • Giving her a deep, relaxing bath

  • Playing music, or singing to your baby in a soft voice

  • Taking baby out in the car or in the pram

  • Having someone else hold her for awhile giving you a break and a chance to calm down.

Taking Care of your Baby Sleep

Broken nights are inevitable during the early weeks when your baby needs frequent feeds. While parents accept this routine as part of caring for a young baby, lack of sleep can lead to exhaustion. Try to get some sleep yourself during the day when your baby is asleep, rather than rushing around catching up on housework. On average a one month old baby sleeps for a total of 16.5 hours in 24 hours, but the length of each sleep varies between babies. During the day some babies may only sleep for short times, while others sleep for longer periods of 3-4 hours at a time. Some babies sleep for long periods at night while others wake several times feeling hungry and needing frequent feeds. Every baby has their own sleep pattern and often babies do not have regular sleeping patterns until they are older. Your baby may wake wanting frequent feeds. For breastfed babies these feeds are important to help establish and maintain breastfeeding.

Baby’s sleep cycles are a mix of light and deep sleep. During active dreaming sleep baby may twitch, have irregular breathing, smile or make sucking motions with her mouth. During deep sleep there is little movement. It is common for babies to move about, open their eyes, cry or wake during their lighter sleep cycle then settle back to sleep. If your baby wakes during this lighter sleep, it may help to give her a chance to resettle herself.

Taking Care of Baby Teething

Each baby reacts differently to teething. Most babies have virtually no discomfort and make it through without any symptoms whatsoever. However for a few babies teething isn’t a pleasant experience and everyone suffers due to baby’s sore and tender gums. This discomfort usually comes and goes and can cause baby to be fussy, irritable and wakeful. Other symptoms include increased biting, drooling, gum-rubbing, and sucking. You may also notice baby rubs his ears, has dribble rashes on his face or chin, has decreased appetite for solids and perhaps a mild increase in temperature.

There are many things you can do to help your baby if he has sore gums from teething. Teething gels are available from the chemist. They numb your baby’s gums and offer temporary relief. These may not be effective if the child is drooling a lot, and must not be used more often than stated on the packet. Often gentle pressure on the gums brings some relief. Try lightly rubbing baby’s gums with a clean finger or a small cool spoon. Letting baby bite down on a clean washcloth can help. Teething rings, especially those filled with gel and cooled in the fridge allow baby to chew on something soft and chilled. If you are breastfeeding and your baby starts to bite you, you may like to take baby off the breast when he bites, have a short break then try again. Doing this every time will teach baby that biting will stop breastfeeding.





Warning: All the tips given here is for information purpose only. For more detail, please consult your doctor. try to give useful and best tips only, however is not responsible for sideeffects due to any given tips. 
Created by: JAM Infotech